van Vliet M, Jong M, Jong MC. Long-term benefits by a mind-body medicine skills course on perceived stress and empathy among medical and nursing students. [Published 10 Apr 2017] Med Teach. 2017;39(7):710-719.
Twelve-month outcomes from a controlled study with Dutch medical students and Swedish nursing students showed the following: medical students had significantly increased empathic concern and fantasy and decreased personal distress; nursing students had significantly decreased levels of perceived stress and personal distress.